Saturday, June 20, 2020

Cultural and Ethnic Studies Black People Literature - 275 Words

Cultural and Ethnic Studies: Black People Literature (Essay Sample) Content: Students Name:Professors Name:Institution:Date:Cultural and Ethnic Studies: Black People LiteratureQuestion: Discuss the significance of epistolarity in the narration of Black Francophone postcolonial subjectivity. Why do so many African and Caribbean French-speaking authors choose to write their novels as collections of letters or diary entries? Many African and Caribbean French-speaking authors prefer writing their novels as a composition of letters or diaries as it allows them to address diverse audiences and express their message in a direct manner. The piecemeal nature of their work is to a certain extent a reflection of their identity crisis, as their ancestral origins are at odds with their education and culture.Diaries produce a dissimilar narrative to an assemblage of letters in that diaries tend to be more realistic and sincere than letters. On the other hand, letters offer a more comprehensive and intimate record of a narration than a diary. Furthermore, a letter is normally addressed to a particular recipient, which is not the case in diaries since they are composed as an exercise of self-examination. Letter collections, as a rule, offer less insight into the thoughts of the narrator than diaries which usually have a confessional character. There is a connection between the Black Francophone Epistolary Novel and other literary traditions, such as Autobiography, the Koran, the New Testament, slave narratives, the foundling text (taking up the unfinished project, Cervantes), the Picaresque (Lazarillo de Tormes), the European canonical epistolary tradition (Richardson, Austen), and African oral-literary (griot) traditions of the Epic (Epic of Sunjata). The connection lies in the fact that they all contain diverse narrations which in many of them appear in the form of a letter. For instance, He thinks this humiliates me and he cant find any other way. He forgets that it is all part of my job as a houseboy, a job which holds no more sec rets for me. I wonder why he too refers to me as Monsieur Toundi ... (Oyono 72) Epistolarity is an illustration of the mise-en-abÐ ¾me phenomenon because it relies on bits and pieces that involve self-reflection instead of presenting a comprehensive literary work. Epistolarity is also an an effort to create dialogic reflection. Hegel, Sartre, Lacan, Fanon, and other self/other Identification theorists have attempted to produce that kind of reflection by focusing on their personal experience. However, such reflection often remains elusive as a result of the fact that self-reflection is subject to various types of bias. Epistolarity includes characteristics like imitation because the narratives are delivered in a way that makes them resemble each other. A reason for further assimilation arises from the fact that the pieces are adapted from the original African language (Adesanmi 240). In the epistolary novels, the first-person voice is vital because it contains the experience of that particular author in the form of an individual narrating the things that he or she went through, like oppression, colonization, and the myth of neutrality. For instance, ------ my poor father. He keeps complaining that at nearly fifteen Im only in the first year of middle school, whilst ------. (Beti 9). First-person narration fosters the delivery of internal or private life operations as authors reflect on their personal experience. Additionally, the writers voice softens a sometimes degraded aspect of life experience.Epistolary texts can be read as writerly texts since they contain personal reflections and are not optimized for publishing. Furthermore, they contain stories about past events and aim at enabling the reader understand the black peoples historical experience (Courville 5). These letters can also be understood as a cry for help; the authors have had to contend with historical forces that led to the compartmentalization of their experience. Perhaps the pain of this pro cess motivates authors to address their audiences for the relief to be gained from sharing ones troubles.Epistolarity, on the other hand, reconstitutes an uneven self into a comprehensible whole because of how it contains the true stories of the individuals during and after the colonial period. The narrators only talk about the problems that they went through in person during that time. For example, You are born anywhere, any how. You die anywhere, from anything. It's a world with no space, people are piled one on top of the other, (Burke 134). Epistolarity endorses an undoubted claim for truth, authenticity, and realism because the marginalized authors demonstrate their understanding of psychoanalysis, exile, and trauma. Besides, it shapes the restrictions amongst fact and narrative because of the intimate feeling that is maintained by the authors concerning the past.It is apparent that epistolary writers have experienced trauma, which has influenced their awareness of the Western world and their own psychological difficulties. For instance, And misfortune always, inevitably, follows the transgression of a custom, if ...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Essay Samples For School - What You Should Know

Essay Samples For School - What You Should KnowAs a high school student, you will likely be exposed to essay samples for school. For those who are given a certain amount of time in class and want to have a chance to polish their writing skills, the sample should show the structure of your essays. So what can you expect from a good essay sample? Let's get started!The first thing that you should do is read your writing before you begin to write it. While it may be tempting to look up your essay examples, you should really just study the material you will be required to write about. Not only will this keep you from trying to memorize everything you are expected to read, but you'll also get a better idea of the structure of your essay. What do I mean by structure? Well, most of us are taught to begin each sentence with a particular subject or topic, so you will want to see if you can use your structure to guide you through your essay.In most cases, essay samples are based on some kind of format. So, whether it is a chapter, paragraph, or essay, you should always look at the structure and how you will be instructed to complete it.Just keep in mind that it may take some practice to get used to reading and understanding the material you will be required to write about. While it is possible to get assistance in writing your essay, it is unlikely that you will actually learn anything by reading through essays or even sample essays for school.There are other ways to make the most of your essay writing experience and get a head start on college or grade school. Don't think you can skip your college application if you don't pass your admissions test.However, you will find it an easy way to improve your chances of getting into your dream school. Having a sample from school is one of the best ways to gauge whether you are writing on time and properly using all the information you have. The average high school student will spend more than 30 hours a week on their papers, so t hese samples will give you a heads up on how well you will be able to handle the material when you enter college.In addition, these samples will give you an idea of what you need to work on in order to make a good impression on the university that is evaluating you. So take the time to study for your exam, but make sure that you review your essay samples for school.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar

A conjunction is the part of speech (or word class) that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. The common conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor, so,  and yet)  join the elements of a coordinate structure and are thus called  coordinating conjunctions.  They connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal rank. In contrast,  subordinating conjunctions  connect clauses of unequal rank. Correlative conjunctions (such as neither...nor) pair things together as subjects or objects in a sentence, which is why theyre also called pairing conjunctions. Coordinating Conjunctions You use coordinating conjunctions to connect two simple sentences with a comma. The two parts of the sentence, if split apart without the conjunction, could stand alone as sentences, as they both have a subject and a verb. Said another way, both parts of the sentence are independent clauses. They could also be joined with a semicolon. With coordinating conjunction:  The white kitten was cute, but I chose the tabby instead.With coordinating conjunction: The white kitten was cute, yet I chose the tabby.As two sentences: The white kitten was cute. I chose the tabby instead.With a semicolon: The white kitten was cute; I chose the tabby instead.   Coordinating conjunctions can also be used in items in a series or to create a compound subject or predicate. Items in a series: Harry needed to pick a Siamese, tortoiseshell, calico, or a tabby cat.Compound subject: Sheila and Harry both enjoyed playing with all the kittens.Compound predicate: The kittens jumped​ around  and played with all the people who came to greet them. Notice that you dont use a comma before the conjunction in a compound predicate because both verbs belong to the same subject. There arent two independent clauses. A sentence style that employs many coordinate conjunctions is called  polysyndeton.  For example: Theres a Labrador and a poodle and a German shepherd and a Chihuahua! Using Subordinating Clauses A clause that couldnt stand alone as its own sentence is a dependent clause. When you connect a dependent clause to a sentence, youll use a subordinating conjunction, such as in the following: With a subordinating clause: It closed its eyes and purred at me  when  I picked up the tabby cat.A  second version of the sentence: When I picked up the tabby cat, it closed its eyes and purred at me. You couldnt make the two clauses in this sentence into two sentences as theyre written. When I picked up the tabby cat, would be a sentence fragment (an incomplete thought) if read alone. Thus, its dependent (or subordinate) to the main clause of the sentence, the independent clause, which could stand alone: It closed its eyes and purred at me. Subordinating conjunctions can be classified into several groups: Causality: because, since, asTime: when, as soon as, before, after, while, by the timeContrast/Opposition: though, although, even though, while, whereas, rather thanCondition: if, unless, even if, only if, in case, provided that, so that, whether Subordinating Conjunctions List The following is a list of subordinating conjunctions: after although as as if as long as as much as as soon as because before but that by the time even if even though how if in case in order that lest only if provided that rather than since so that supposing than that though till (til) unless until when whenever where whereas wherever whether while why Paired Conjunctions Correlative conjunctions pair things together and go in a set. They include either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also, both...and, not...nor, as...as. Whether you use a comma before the second conjunction depends on whether the clauses are independent or not (as in coordinating conjunctions above).   Not two independent clauses: He picked out not only the Siamese cat but also the Labrador puppy.Two independent clauses: Not only did the Siamese cat lick her, but the Labrador puppy also did. Breaking the Rules A past adage was to never start a sentence with a coordinating conjunction, but thats no longer. Starting sentences with but or and can be used to break up long chunks of text or for rhythmic or dramatic effect. As with anything used for effect, dont overdo it. Practice Identifying Conjunctions Examine the conjunctions in the following sentences. What type is each?   We needed to pick up milk, bread, and eggs from the store.You grab the pet food, and I will look for the other items.If you follow instructions, we could get this done faster.Its either my way or the highway. Conjunction Exercises Answers And: coordinating conjunction connecting items in a series.And: coordinating conjunction connecting two independent clauses.If: subordinating conjunction.Either...or: correlative or paired conjunctions.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Passage Commentary From The Sound Of Waves Essay - 814 Words

In this excerpt from The Sound of Waves, Yukio Mishima’s use of descriptive diction and imagery depicts the tumultuous island during the storm and helps the reader visualize the milieu and events of the passage. The reader feels an understated, ironic excitement and anticipation that is established in this passage because of the author’s diction. This simple but illustrative passage from The Sound of Waves altogether creates an enhanced experience and familiarity with the backdrop and atmosphere of the passage. Explanatory diction in this passage helps describe the setting and situation of the passage, and transforms the dismal feeling of the excerpt into a sense of anticipation. Near the beginning of the passage, the author suggests†¦show more content†¦Mishima’s direct word choice tells readers simply that the house was trembling, with clattering windows. He intends to portray the extent of the storm’s wrath, so the reader can visualize its violence on the houses of Uta-Jima. Finally, the underlying feeling of the passage is partially created by Mishima’s diction. Shinji finds it â€Å"unbearable† to â€Å"wait† for something about to happen. If something feels unbearable, because one is waiting for something, a logical conjecture is that the person feels eagerness and anxiety. Since his feelings are made clear by this phrase, the underlying mood of anxiety and anticipation is obvious. The mood of the passage emulates Shinji’s own feeling s, and experiencing his feelings helps the reader empathize with Shinji in his wait. Figures of speech and the irony that fills this passage from The Sound of Waves bring interest and paradox into the passage, grabbing the attention of the reader. An ironically excited atmosphere is also created by literary devices in the passage. During the night of the storm, while the wind, â€Å"mixed with rain† blows, and â€Å"the heavens and the sea were filled with sounds like human shrieks and shrilling fifes†. The author uses a simile to compare the sounds of the storm in â€Å"the heavens and the seas†, created by wind and rain, with the sounds like â€Å"shrieks† and â€Å"fifes† created byShow MoreRelatedMagic Realism And Gothic Literature905 Words   |  4 PagesThe spookiest experience Kaylee ever had was the time she almost died at surf camp. She was trying to go where the water wasnt breaking into waves and as soon as she got just about there, a 3 foot wave came and was just about to crash and she was in the range to get hit so whe n it finally crashed it took her under the water and flipped her over about three times to the point where she couldnt breathe and she almost died. This scenario is related to the traits of gothic literature and magic realismRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Virgils The Aenied By Virgil1783 Words   |  8 Pagesthe legendary story of a Trojan called Aeneas destined to become the Romans’ ancestor. The poem was originally written in Latin and later translated to English. The excerpt is derived from an instance where Neptune stepped in to help Aeneas the Trojan when the stormy waves were sent to end his journey to Italy from Troy. The stormy winds were caused by Aeolus with the help of Juno. Juno had a grudge against the Trojans, which prompted her to call Aeolus, god of winds, to cause havoc for them. InRead Moretears,idle tears1063 Words   |  5 PagesIDLE TEARS† Summary The speaker sings of the baseless and inexplicable tears that rise in his heart and pour forth from his eyes when he looks out on the fields in autumn and thinks of the past. This past, (â€Å"the days that are no more†) is described as fresh and strange. It is as fresh as the first beam of sunlight that sparkles on the sail of a boat bringing the dead back from the underworld, and it is sad as the last red beam of sunlight that shines on a boat that carries the dead down to thisRead MoreJohn Milton s Lycidas Uses Fruitful And Fertile Imagery1643 Words   |  7 Pagesviolent, he wants to punish and hurt nature in the same way nature has hurt him. He does not ask for any great catastrophe, but wishes to take some small something from nature violently. The word, â€Å"pluck†, means to remove something with sudden force, so as Edward King was plucked from Milton’s life, Milton plucks these berries away from nature. The water imagery begins with the word â€Å"float† in the eleventh line of the poem. Water imagery normally is associated with birth, traditionally it refersRead MoreThe Book Of Exodus Essay2455 Words   |  10 Pagesuses to display His power and His sovereignty. The hardening of his heart allows God to continue to flaunt His ‘signs and wonders’ before the Egyptians. We also see that God is in fact God of Israel by exempting them from the plagues. Furthermore, the liberation of Israel from slavery leads them to a deeper understanding and knowledge of God which in turn, inspires worship. The author wrote this narrative with the intention that it will be passed down to the future generations of Israel, thatRead More The Runes of Franks Casket and the Epic of Beowulf Essay1649 Words   |  7 Pagesimportant being the beautiful Clermont or Franks casket. The top and three of the sides are now in the British Museum, the fourth side is in the Museo Nazionale at Florence. The casket is made of whalebone, and the scenes carved on it represent an episode from the Welandsaga, the adoration of the Magi, Romulus and Remus nursed by the she-wolf and, lastly, a fight between Titus and the Jews. The carving on the Florence fragment is still unexplained. The legends engraved around these episodes are intendedRead MoreA Report Of Not Less Than 1500 Words1947 Words   |  8 PagesWrite a report of not less than 1500 words, covering the following: a) The development of editing from its humble beginnings, to the much more sophisticated Institutional Mode of Representation. Discuss the steps involved. b) The evolution of editing technology (from none, to digital editing) c) The purpose of editing. It is much more than just an assembly of footage on the timeline. Discuss how editing can help us experience a scene fully, giving carefully chosen examples to illustrate yourRead MorePeter: Character Study5305 Words   |  22 Pagesthings we know about Peter was that he was a Galilean fisherman, he became the chief spokesman of the Apostles, and he was one of the two strongest personalities in the New Testament along with Paul. So where does the name Peter come from anyway? The name Peter comes from the Greek â€Å"petros, which means rock. More often than not when we think about how Peter got this name we often look to Matthew 16:18, but if we look at John 1:42 we will see that Jesus gives Peter this name at their first meeting.Read MoreEssay on Ear and Following Questions6704 Words   |  27 Pageshas also become largely worthless. The following questions are based on this passage. 1. Which of the following statements from the passage is an opinion? A. Several factors may have contributed to the decline. B. As viewership has declined, the remaining viewers have aged. C. They have dropped hard news. D. It has also become largely worthless. 2. Which of the following is the authors purpose in the passage? A. To convince readers that TV news is no longer worth watching B. To show howRead More themebeo Epic of Beowulf Essay - Theme and Style of Beowulf2716 Words   |  11 PagesThe Theme and Style of Beowulf  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚      Interpretations of Beowulf’s theme vary much more than commentary on the poet’s style. In this essay I hope to state clearly some of the popularly mentioned themes running through the poem, and to carefully delineate many aspects of the author’s style.    â€Å"Many critics feel that the speech of Hrothgar between lines 1700 and 1784 encapsulates the moral of the poem†¦.’He does not know the worse – till inside him great arrogance grows and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Joy Luck Club, The Bonesetter s Daughter, And The...

For the past few decades, waves of immigrant families come to the United States in search of a new home. People from all over the world who have escaped their native country wanting to have jobs in order to support their family and live the â€Å"American Dream†. The U.S. Demographic History states, â€Å"In any event, 1965 initiated a second ‘Great Wave’ of mass immigration, which continues today. During the 1990s, legal immigration averaged 900,000 annually, increasing to about one million per year during the next decade.† Many of these immigrants of whom have came from the eastern hemisphere have believed that they will live a better life under the liberty, freedom and the pursuit of happiness that the United States can give them. While America has many things to offer for these new incoming families, this country also has cultural conflicts that clash between their natural traditions and modernity. In the novels, The Joy Luck Club, The Bonesetterâ€℠¢s Daughter, and The Kitchen God’s Wife, Amy Tan creates the broken relationships of immigrant mothers and their â€Å"Americanized† daughters who struggle in social barriers they both face as they live in the new setting. Amy Tan analyzes mother-daughter relationships between character’s lovers and friends and how they develop over a course of unexpected events. Throughout The Joy Luck Club, The Bonesetter’s Daughter and The Kitchen God’s Wife, Amy Tan places all three books in California where the characters in each book have trouble inShow MoreRelatedsocial dimension of education2565 Words   |  11 PagesTECHNOLOGY Bangued Campus, Bangued Abra â€Å"The kitchen GOD’S wife† A BOOK REVIEW (‘A BOOK OF AMY TAN†) Prepared by; Maricel B, Dalingay BEED11-C Prepared for; Mr. Rommel Yahin Instructor 1. The author Amy Tan is an American writer whose works explore mother-daughter relationships and what it means to grow up as a first generation Asian American. In 1993, Tan s adaptation of her most popular fiction work, The Joy Luck Club, became a commercially successful. She has written

A Famous Phrase Attributed To Deng Xiaoping Is The Following

A famous phrase attributed to Deng Xiaoping is the following: â€Å"If you open a window for fresh air for longer than 10 hours, you have to expect some flies to blow in† (Minzer). This saying aptly illustrates China’s stance on openness. Both Russia and China have their roots in authoritarian regimes that did not tolerate a single opposing voice; the death count of such people says it all. They strictly limited the entry of any foreign idea. Today, liberal reforms have softened the sharpest edges of these past regimes but the governments still retain enormous power over the people. Russia and China limit popular sovereignty in a variety of ways. Both see political freedom and liberty as threats to government sovereignty. Internet regulation,†¦show more content†¦Similarly, China has employed censorship since the time of Mao Zedong. In 1966, the communists embarked on a campaign to eradicate the â€Å"Four Olds†, which included old customs, culture, habi ts, and ideas that conflicted with communist ideology. The works of many writers that criticized Mao’s ways were expunged. Television was censored, as Mao required media outlets to remove foreign or opposing ideas and highlight the glories of the Communist party. For example, sensitive parts of aired British telecasts were omitted and were replaced with captions extoling Mao. Millions were killed for opposing Mao’s plans, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. Clearly, China in the past also employed widespread censorship to snuff out opposition (Stauffacher). Admittedly, the Internet did not exist during these times, but both past regimes recognized outlets that had the greatest influence on the people and quickly moved to censor them, whether it was television, literature, movies, or art. Similarly, the Internet today has enormous influence over the countries’ respective populations. Furthermore, neither Russia nor China has transitioned t o a fully functioning liberal democracy. Therefore, it is not surprising that the both governments have moved to censor, or regulate, the Internet. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Boris Yeltsin made dramatic strides to a liberalShow MoreRelatedManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 Pagesdatabase surveys of many other companies) has made it clear that all this complexity has been changing the fundamental dimensions of business strategy and the meaning of its implementation. These changes affect a broad range of decisions, including the following: ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  How to invest in technology How to lead meaningful human resources initiatives How to maintain alliances successfully What the speed of new product or service development should be What the appropriate time horizons for investmentsRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesfact that average rates of return and female migration were similar for the southern Chinese. Conversely, both the United States and Manchuria started with populations of about 6 million in 1800 and received similar numbers of migrants over the following 140 years, yet this produced a population of 134 million people of European descent in the United States by 1955. Lower return rates, higher rates of female migration, greater economic growth, and better conditions of settlement all conspiredRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pagesfully capture the richness and complexity of real-life management situations and we would also encourage readers and tutors to take every possible opportunity to explore the live strategic issues of organisations – both their own and others. The following brief points of guidance should prove useful in selecting and using the case studies provided: ââ€"  The summary table that follows indicates the main focus of each of the chosen case studies – together with important subsidiary foci (where appropriate)

Team management Essay Example For Students

Team management Essay HR outsourcing: BT case study, INTRODUCTIONAccording to Gunsauley (2002) more and more US and European companies resort to the practice of HR outsourcing. The present paper will discuss the outcomes of HR outsourcing policy in BT and the way it affected and might be affecting various areas if organizational performance. The analysis will start with the definition of outsourcing and types of HR outsourcing. Then the factors that induce companies to turn to this practice and the negative consequences of it will be highlighted. Since the notion is relatively new, the review of the advantages and disadvantages of HR outsourcing will provide conceptual boundaries of the BT case study review. The paper will discuss the factors that triggered BTs decision to outsource HR function and the way this decision was realized. Besides, the case study will review the outcomes of HR outsourcing. Then the analysis of HR outsourcing on various sides of organization will be made. Of particular concern, the paper will consider the importance of HR function for the strategic content and process of the organization. Moreover, since the outsourcing introduced various soft and hard changes, the paper will review the content of the organizational culture and will explore the issues of organizational change in the context of BT strategic objectives and intended market performance. Since the topic is quite new and there is not much sufficient data about the outcomes of HR outsourcing on global communication industry players the paper will make certain presupposition which will be evaluated on the basis of existing HR theories and practice. OUTSOURCINGWhat is outsourcingChaffey (2003) define outsourcing as the contracting out of specified services to a third party with a controlled, flexible relationship. He points out that the decision of outsourcing usually takes place when a firm does not want to use its internal resources to build or operate in-house function it can hire an external or ganisation that specializes in providing these services to do the work. Types of outsourcingHR outsourcing services generally fall into four categories: PEOs, BPOs, ASPs, or e-services (Lee, 2002). PEOsA Professional Employer Organization (PEO) assumes full responsibility of a companys human resources management. It takes full legal responsibility of a companys employees, and is actively involved in such vital HR functions as recruitment and selection, delayering and performance appraisal. The PEO and a company become partners, essentially, with the PEO handling all the HR aspects and the business handling all other aspects of the company. In other words it is total outsourcing, since an external company performs all activities. Armstrong (2001) introduces the following list of HR areas that are outsourced: Training Recruitment Health and safety monitoring and adviceEmployee welfare and counseling activitiesPayroll managementSpecialist legal advisory services; Occupational health and fitness services;However, due to the specific features of human resource management and the developing practice of HR outsourcing, PEO might also imply for joint venture/ strategic alliance sourcin g where certain duties and responsibilities are shared between organization and a supplierBPOsBusiness Process Outsourcing is a broad term referring to outsourcing of different managerial and operational functions. Specifically in HR, a BPO is designed to ensure that a companys HR system is supported by the latest management information systems, with self-access and HR data warehousing options. ASPs Application service providers host software on the Web and rent it to userssome ASPs host HR software. Some are standardized off-shelf applications (People Soft) while others are customized HR software developed by the vendor. These software programs can manage payroll, benefits, and more. THE RATIONALE FOR HR OUTSOURCINGGeneral rationale for outsourcingAccording to Mintzberg et al. (1995) the overall rationale for any outsourcing activity is that outsourcing provides:greater economies of scale, flexibility levels of expertise. cost effective, lowers costs and improves add-value through out the value chainHe states that implementing function internally that can be bought in more economically compromises competitive advantage. Outsourcing enables concentration on core activities reduces internal costs, time delays and political pressures, leading to a more compact organization, flatter hierarchy, sharper focus on recruiting, developing and motivating key personnel in terms of core competencies. .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .postImageUrl , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:hover , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:visited , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:active { border:0!important; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:active , .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09 .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue864a59fe8e530ee701ab9ee1e126f09:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Totalitarianism, Maos China EssayRatnam (2001) emphasizes the strategic dimension of outsourcing. He suggests that heavy investments, coupled with the challenges of a dynamic market place, means that outsourcing